Renal Cell Carcinoma is the most common Kidney Cancer. It is 2-3% of cancer in adults. Generally, Renal Cell Carcinoma Treatment is focused on the most common subtype of this condition, the clear cell carcinoma. RCC can be successfully treated in patients if it is diagnosed early on. Researchers recently say that RCC patients have reason to be hopeful because of an influx in research and drug approvals. The treatment landscape of RCC is changing for the better.
Many studies are being made on RCC. Here are a few of the treatment options and new approaches that are being explored in the field of Renal Cell Carcinoma Treatment through clinical trials.
Renal Cell Carcinoma Surveillance
If the RCC is developing slowly, then active surveillance of the RCC can be a treatment option. Active surveillance through checkups every few months and imaging exams as well will help the doctor determine if the tumour is spreading or growing. In cases of slow growth, active surveillance is a beneficial treatment option.
Even though patients might be hesitant to choose active surveillance as their Renal Cell Carcinoma Treatment because of the fear that their cancer might go unchecked, it is actually a safe option, according to the doctors. Surveillance of the growth and spread of cancer will allow the doctors to determine if targeted therapy, surgery, or Immunotherapy will be treatment options. These are options that will be explored for advanced cancer only, and the choice depends on the patient’s diagnosis.
The highest chance of successful treatment is in the removal of the affected kidneys by surgery, in case the cancer isn’t spreading. It is possible to live with one kidney, so removal of another can be a Renal Cell Carcinoma Treatment. But, if both your kidneys are removed or are not functioning, you will need to get on dialysis immediately, cleaning your blood through a machine.
Targeted Therapy and Immunotherapy
Generally, it is extremely hard to manage and treat kidney cancer if it has spread to other body parts. This is referred to as Metastatic Cancer. Kidney cancer is likely to spread to lymph nodes, lungs, bones, or livers. This might make surgery not an option for treatment. Immunotherapy and Targeted therapy are considered options in such a case. Targeted therapy means slowing or stopping the growth of cancer at the cellular level.
There are clinical trials that are exploring if Radiation Therapy can be a Renal Cell Carcinoma Treatment as an alternative to systemic therapy. The side effects that are caused due to Radiation Therapy are much more manageable than those caused by Immunotherapy, Chemotherapy, and Targeted Therapy. This way of treatment might help in improving the patient’s quality of life.
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Radiation Therapy works very well with Lung Cancer. So, it might even work for Kidney Cancer which has spread to the lungs. Early results from this clinical trial are positive as they show that patients can avoid or delay systemic therapy if they are treated with Radiation Therapy first.
These are a few of the advancements that are being made in Renal Cell Carcinoma Treatment these days.