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Chilblains; Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Winters can affect skin health. Therefore, one must remain vigilant and keep themselves warm to avoid complications. However, if the individual notice color changes and itchiness on the skin, they must consult a skin specialist in Lahore. The dermatologist will conduct relevant tests to diagnose the illness. Also, the specialist will provide guidance regarding effective treatment options. It will help them recover without further skin-related problems.

Chilblains is a skin condition, in which the blood vessels in the skin become inflamed due to prolonged exposure to cold. Women with a family history of skin problems are at a higher risk of suffering from Chilblains. However, the treatment is proven effective in managing the symptoms. The recovery can take weeks.


The individual suffering from chilblains can notice the symptoms on hands, ears, and feet. The common symptoms include:

  • The individual suffers from itchiness around the affected area.
  • The patient can notice the formation of red patches and bumps on the affected area.
  • The person suffers from swelling, which can affect movement.
  • The individual can notice the formation of ulcers, which causes pain and discomfort.
  • The patient experiences a constant burning sensation, which can affect the movement by causing severe pain.
  • The skin color changes to blueish red.


The cold affects the blood vessels, which leads to inflammation. The risk factors that correlate with chilblains are:

  • The unwarming and tight clothing in winter can affect the skin’s health. Therefore, people must wear proper clothes according to the temperature.
  • Individuals suffering from vascular diseases are more likely to suffer from chilblains in winter. Therefore, it is essential to be ready for winter and wear woolen clothes.
  • Individuals with a family history of chilblains are more likely to experience the symptoms of the same disease in winter.
  • People suffering from autoimmune diseases such as lupus are at a higher risk of suffering from chilblains and correlating problems.
  • The patients diagnosed with Raynaud’s disease are more likely to suffer from chilblains as a complication of their condition.

Preventive Measures

The preventative measures that can lower the risk of suffering from chilblains include:

  • People at a higher risk of suffering from the disease should limit their exposure to cold.
  • People must avoid wearing tight clothes. t is best to invest in loose clothes; including socks, shoes, and gloves.
  • People must cover their noses and ears with a scarf in winter.
  • Individuals should keep their bodies dry while walking on the streets in winter.
  • People should avoid rapid temperature change, as it can aggravate the symptoms and cause further complications.
  • People should use heaters at home and in the workplace to have a comfortable environment.


The complications associated with chilblains include:

  • Individuals with the condition are at a high risk of suffering from recurrent skin infections, which can affect the functioning of vital organs.
  • The individual is at a higher risk of suffering from extreme pain and discomfort due to swelling and ulcers. It can affect psychological health and professional performance.
  • The individual must take proper treatment to avoid scarring of the skin.


The tests that help in diagnosing an individual with chilblains are:

  • The specialist will conduct a physical examination to check redness, ulcers, and swelling.
  • The specialist may perform a skin biopsy for ruling out other possibilities that correlate with the symptoms.

Treatment Options

The treatment options include:

  • Use of Topical Corticosteroids: The cream will help reduce inflammation and provide relief from the symptoms. The reduction in inflammation will help with the movement.
  • Use of Vasodilators: The medication will help dilate the vessels and ease the pain.
  • Use of Dietary Supplements: Dietary supplements improve blood circulation and reduce the risk of further complications.

Individuals diagnosed with chilblains must discuss their symptoms with a dermatologist in Karachi for guidance regarding the latest treatment options for smoother recovery without further complications.

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