Bariatric surgery is an interventional process to treat obesity. It is an umbrella term for several surgeries of the gastric region done to reduce excess weight with the aim of improving overall health. Obesity is a lifestyle health condition caused by excess body fat and can seriously affect one’s health and significantly impact one’s day-to-day activities. Unhealthy food habits and a sedentary lifestyle often lead to obesity, necessitating Bariatric Surgery in some cases. The bariatric surgery cost in India is affordable, depending on your treatment and location. If you are suffering from obesity and require treatment, approach the best hospital to provide bariatric surgery and treatment as soon as possible.
What is Bariatric Surgery?
In bariatric surgery, surgeons realign the digestive system, helping you lose weight and excess body fat. There are various procedures and types of bariatric surgeries. You can find out which one you need by consulting your doctor. Some of these procedures include limiting your intake of fat and sugars and reducing your digestive system’s ability to produce nutrients, sugars, and fats. Bariatric Surgeries include Sleeve Gastrectomy, Gastric Bypass, BPD/DS, Gastric Band, etc.
What is the Procedure for Bariatric Surgery?
Different types of bariatric surgeries have other procedures. The costs for the same also vary. However, the Bariatric surgery cost in India is affordable and differs with each procedure.
- Gastric Bypass – It is the most common procedure of bariatric surgery. In this procedure, the volume of the stomach is decreased and you will feel full with less food. This surgery limits the amount of food you can consume and reduces the absorption rate of nutrients and fats. The stomach is divided into a smaller pouch and a larger lower pouch, and the small intestine is connected to both.
- Sleeve Gastrectomy – 80% of the stomach is removed, as a result of which the reduced stomach cannot hold as much food as before. It causes a reduction in the amount of production of Ghrelin – the appetite-regulating hormone.
- Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch – The first step of this surgery is the same as sleeve gastrectomy. In the second part, the end portion of the intestine is connected to the duodenum, located near the stomach.
Who Requires Bariatric Surgery?
Bariatric surgery is required to prevent significant diseases linked to excess body weight and the long-term effects obesity can have on you. Problems in the future caused by excess weight are heart disease, stroke, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, sleep apnea, and diabetes. When your Body Mass Index, i.e. BMI, is above 40, you should consider getting Bariatric surgery. And if your BMI is 35 to 39.9 and you suffer from specific effects of excess weight, you can consider certain Bariatric surgeries. You must consult a doctor who will take into account certain factors such as age, weight, BMI, etc., and then determine whether you require Bariatric surgery or not. If you are simply overweight, you need not always require Bariatric surgery. You have to meet certain medical eligibility criteria to undergo Bariatric surgery listed below.
Eligibility for Bariatric Surgery
Bariatric surgery is not for everyone. All overweight people are not eligible for Bariatric surgery. You need to match certain criteria for undergoing surgery. You can consult a doctor to know whether you require Bariatric surgery. The criteria are:
- You must have a BMI of over 40, which means you must be over 100 pounds. You can calculate your BMI online.
- You have associated comorbidities such as Type 2 Diabetes, etc.
- If you cannot achieve weight loss for an extended period.
Pre-surgery screening processes are also conducted to determine whether Bariatric surgery is required. Experts will look into your eating history, weight history, diets, exercise routines, etc. Doctors will also look at your mental health conditions to see if you can sustain the procedure. You must be psychologically and mentally prepared for the surgery, and you must follow the diets and exercise instructions given to you.
What are the Risks and Effects of Bariatric Surgery?
There are certain risks while undergoing Bariatric surgery. Some of them may have significant impacts, while some are minor. Bariatric surgery may harm your health in the short term and long term. Hence, you must carefully follow your doctor’s advice after Bariatric surgery to prevent any adverse effects on your body. Some of the risks include:
- Bowel Obstruction
- Nausea or vomiting
- Acid Reflux
- Death, in rare cases
Some of the risks caused by the procedure include:
- Bleeding and clotting
- Reactions to the anesthesia used during surgery
- Lung problems
Bariatric surgery is not for everyone. Bariatric surgery cost in India varies depending on the type and location. You can find numerous hospitals which conduct this particular surgery. Please remember that you must fit certain eligibility criteria for undergoing it. If you suffer from any weight issues, you must consult experts before deciding on the course of action.